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Buran Analog test flight with Su-17 as Chase plane

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Today in 1971: Apollo 15 returned to Earth. See the Command module "Endeavour" in the Museum's collection on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force

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10 Years Ago Today: Phoenix Mars Lander was launched to Mars aboard a Delta II rocket:

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On this day in 2008, NASA astronaut Stephen Robinson made his way to the underside of Space Shuttle Discovery to remove gap fillers from between the orbiter’s heat-shielding tiles. Discovery’s heat shield is reflected in this selfie.

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The Space Shuttle Program returned to flight two and a half years after the Columbia accident with the launch of Discovery on STS-114 on this day in 2005. Learn more about Discovery

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The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was used for the first time on the Moon by the crew of Apollo 15 on this day in 1971. It allowed Apollo astronauts to traverse over 25 kilometers (16 miles) of the lunar surface. See the Lunar Roving Vehicle Qualification Test Unit on display at our Museum in Washington, DC

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Pictured here is JAXA astronaut Soichi Noguchi during the first spacewalk of the STS-114 mission on this day in 2005. Mission Specialists Stephen Robinson and Soichi Noguchi worked on the International Space Station during this 6-hour and 50-minute spacewalk

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President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act on this day in 1958

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Today in 1973: Skylab 3, the second crewed mission to the US Space Station, launched with a three-person crew of scientist-astronauts. This spacesuit was made for and worn by Alan Bean who was Commander of the mission. Like lunar spacesuits, this spacesuit was designed to provide a life sustaining environment during spacewalks or unpressurized spacecraft operation

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Today in 1969: Apollo 11 Command Module "Columbia" splashed down in the Pacific, returning astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, and Michael Collins safely to Earth

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Today in 2011: Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-135) landed at NASA's Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Landing Facility, completing the final flight of the space shuttle program.

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On this day in 1975, the last American Apollo spacecraft docked with a then-Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in the first international human spaceflight mission, the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. See this recreation of the Apollo-Soyuz rendezvous at our Museum in Washington, DC

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Today in 1969: Apollo 11 launched on the first mission to land humans on the Moon. The Saturn V rocket lifted off from NASA's Kennedy Space Center with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin at 9:32 am EDT.

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The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) was the first cooperative mission in space between the United States and the Soviet Union. Astronauts Tom Stafford, Vance Brand, and Deke Slayton launched on ASTP on this day in 1975.

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Today in 2011: The final space shuttle mission, Atlantis STS-135, launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center.

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Space Shuttle Discovery approaches ISS on STS-120 mission

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проверяют удобность в движениях космического костюма
A player swings a baseball bat in a B.F. Goodrich Mark IV spacesuit to demonstrate flexibility.

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Today in 1963: Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova became the first woman to fly in space. She flew aboard Vostok 6 and completed nearly 50 orbits of the Earth during the approximately three days she spent in space.

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Today in 1965: The Gemini IV capsule carrying astronauts James McDivitt and Ed White returned to Earth after a 62-orbit mission. After recovery of the capsule, McDivitt and White talked to President Lyndon B. Johnson via telephone while aboard the U.S.S. Wasp. Johnson congratulated them on a successful mission, which included experiments like taking photographs of the Earth for geographic, oceanographic and geologic studies, as well as the first U.S. spacewalk.

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Today in 1965: Astronaut Edward H. White II became the first American to perform a "spacewalk." White did so during the four-day Gemini IV mission. Gemini IV was the second of ten piloted Gemini missions, which perfected the techniques of spacecraft rendezvous and docking, and demonstrated that astronauts could withstand prolonged weightlessness for the planned Apollo missions to the Moon.

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