Компания Alenia Aermacchi (группа Finmeccanica) продвигает версию УТС M346, оптимизированного в качестве «агрессора», сообщает «Военный Паритет» со ссылкой на ainonline.com (13 февраля).
Эта версия самолета может использоваться в качестве учебного противника для тренировок летчиков-истребителей. В настоящее время 12 самолетов дислоцировано на базе Казо во Франции, где находится международный учебный центр. Самолеты поступают на вооружение ВВС Италии, Сингапура, Израиля, Польши и ОАЭ.
М346 не намного уступает истребителям с двигателями, оснащенными форсажной камерой, способен выходить на углы атаки до 30 град, говорит летчик-испытатель Джакомо Джанелли (Giacomo Ianelli).
С внешними баками самолет имеет максимальную дальность 1470 км (2720 км – прим. Военный Паритет), оснащен системой дозаправки в воздухе, продолжительность полета может легко достигать 4 часов. По словам Джанелли, М346 может выполнять полет с двумя 10-минутными маневрированиями, в то время как истребитель F-5E и конкурирующий УТС T-50 могут выполнить только один сеанс энергичного маневрирования в качестве «агрессоров».
Интересной особенностью самолета является «комплект низкой наблюдаемости» (low-observability kit), позволяющий снижать ЭПР самолета с 20 до 1 кв. м (M346 baseline radar cross-section from 20 to 1 square meters). Демонстрируемый макет кабины самолета оснащен дисплеем большой площади, разработка эксплуатационного монитора ждет своего клиента. Самолет легко может быть адаптирован для легких ударных миссий.
Опубликовано: 28 мар. 2015 г. The M-346 Master is an advanced and lead-in fifth-generation fighter trainer being developed by Alenia Aermacchi (Italy), a Finmeccanica company. The aircraft is a development of the YAK/AEM-130, a joint programme with Yakolev Design Bureau and Sokol Manufacturing Plant of Russia. In July 2000, Alenia Aermacchi announced that it would cancel the joint project and develop the aircraft alone, as the M-346. The M-346 provides combat pilot training for front line fighters with high angle-of-attack capability. The aerodynamic design of the M-346 uses vortex lift to provide manoeuvrability and controllability at very high angle-of-attack using a fly-by-wire control system. The YAK/AEM-130 has flown in prototype form since 1996. As the Yak-130, the aircraft was selected in March 2002 as the Russian AF's next generation combat trainer. M-346 Master fighter trainer development
The M-346 prototype completed its first flight in July 2004. The second prototype made its maiden flight in May 2005. The first low-rate initial production (LRIP) aircraft made its maiden flight in July 2008. The M-346 equipped with advanced helmet-mounted display systems completed its maiden flight in May 2010. The Italian Air Force (ITAF), the launch customer, received the first batch of 15 M-346 Master aircraft. Alenia Aermacchi signed a €220m ($330m) contract with ITAF in June 2009 to supply six M-346 jets. The first two of the six M-346 aircraft were unveiled in December 2010.. ITAF designated the M-346 as T-346A which made its maiden flight in March 2011. The General Directorate for Aeronautical Armaments of the Ministry of Defence issued the military certification for the M-346 jet on 22 June 2011. The first T-346A aircraft was accepted by ITAF in November 2011. The second aircraft was delivered in February 2012. The contract also involves a five-year maintenance and logistics support. The M-346 was successful in its first air-to-air refuelling tests and several techniques performed by ITAF and the company pilots.
In April 2009, Alenia Aermacchi received the design organisation military approval (DOMA) certificate for the M-346 Master allowing autonomous and direct management of the homologation process including continuation of its airworthiness. DOMA also enables Alenia Aermacchi to streamline M-346 interface with the DGAA (Direzione Generale Armamenti Aeronauticiefficient) and improve internal design and development processes of the aircraft. In January 2005, the Greek Ministry of Defence signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to become a partner in the programme and, in January 2006, Alenia Aermacchi signed an industrial cooperation agreement with Hellenic Aerospace Industry (HAI) under which HAI is responsible for production and assembly of some parts including the rear fuselage. In May 2006, Alenia Aermacchi announced an agreement with Boeing to jointly market the M-346. In July 2007, the M-346 flew to the United Arab Emirates for hot weather tests and operational evaluation by the UAE Air Force. In February 2009, the UAE announced that it would acquire 48 M-346 advanced lead-in fighter trainer aircraft. Alenia Aermacchi will form a joint venture with Mubadala Development in UAE for establishing the M-346 final assembly line. ST Aerospace signed a €170m contract with Alenia Aermacchi on 24 June 2011 for providing logistics support to 12 M-346 trainers deployed by the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF). The M-346 jets were ordered by the RSAF in September 2010 under the Fighter Wings Course programme. The first aircraft was rolled out in August 2012 for delivery towards the end of 2012. Alenia Aermacchi will also supply spare parts, provide repair and overhaul services and render engineering and field support services. The M-346 trainer was selected by the Israeli Ministry of Defence (MoD) in February 2012. Israeli MoD placed an order with Alenia Aermacchi for 30 M-346 aircraft in July 2012. Deliveries are scheduled to commence in 2014.
The M-346 can climb at the rate of 127m/s. The maximum and cruise speed of the aircraft are 1,092km/h and 1,059km/h respectively. Its stall speed is 166km/h. The range and service ceiling of the M-346 are 2,590km and 13,700m respectively. Its take-off run is 320m, while the landing run is 470m. The aircraft weighs around 4,610kg and its maximum take-off weight is 9,000kg