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Today in 2011: Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-135) landed at NASA's Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Landing Facility, completing the final flight of the space shuttle program.

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On this day in 1975, the last American Apollo spacecraft docked with a then-Soviet Soyuz spacecraft in the first international human spaceflight mission, the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. See this recreation of the Apollo-Soyuz rendezvous at our Museum in Washington, DC

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Today in 1969: Apollo 11 launched on the first mission to land humans on the Moon. The Saturn V rocket lifted off from NASA's Kennedy Space Center with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin at 9:32 am EDT.

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The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) was the first cooperative mission in space between the United States and the Soviet Union. Astronauts Tom Stafford, Vance Brand, and Deke Slayton launched on ASTP on this day in 1975.

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Today in 2011: The final space shuttle mission, Atlantis STS-135, launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center.

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Space Shuttle Discovery approaches ISS on STS-120 mission

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проверяют удобность в движениях космического костюма
A player swings a baseball bat in a B.F. Goodrich Mark IV spacesuit to demonstrate flexibility.

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Today in 1963: Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova became the first woman to fly in space. She flew aboard Vostok 6 and completed nearly 50 orbits of the Earth during the approximately three days she spent in space.

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Today in 1965: The Gemini IV capsule carrying astronauts James McDivitt and Ed White returned to Earth after a 62-orbit mission. After recovery of the capsule, McDivitt and White talked to President Lyndon B. Johnson via telephone while aboard the U.S.S. Wasp. Johnson congratulated them on a successful mission, which included experiments like taking photographs of the Earth for geographic, oceanographic and geologic studies, as well as the first U.S. spacewalk.

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Today in 1965: Astronaut Edward H. White II became the first American to perform a "spacewalk." White did so during the four-day Gemini IV mission. Gemini IV was the second of ten piloted Gemini missions, which perfected the techniques of spacecraft rendezvous and docking, and demonstrated that astronauts could withstand prolonged weightlessness for the planned Apollo missions to the Moon.

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